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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
SJR: 0.137 SNIP: 0.341 CiteScore™: 0.43

ISSN Print: 1093-3611
ISSN Online: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v3.i1.50
pages 51-66

MOLTEN SALT REACTOR TECHNOLOGY FOR SEPARATION AND TRANSMUTATION

V.V. Ignatiev
RRC - Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, RF, 123182
K.F. Grebenkine
RFNC-All-Russian Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhinsk, RF, 454070
S.A. Konakov
RRC - Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, RF 123182
S.A. Subbotine
RRC - Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, RF, 123182
R.Y. Zakirov
RRC - Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, RF, 123182

ABSTRACT

The most important developments regarding the available options to reduce actinide inventory will be discussed. In order to find optimal solution for achieving actinide reduction goals a possibility of creating a multicomponent nuclear power system in which alongside thermal and fast reactors, molten salt burner reactors will be presented.
The relation between necessary single cycle transmuted fraction, fuel cycle processing losses and total losses to waste will be defined. An attempt is made to arrange the possible systems on order performance with regard to their potential to reduce the actinide inventory and actinide losses to wastes.
The objective of this paper is to illustrate clearly the potential advantages of innovative molten salt fluoride based reactor technology integrated with nonaqueous processing methods, including reductive extraction, electrorefining and electrodeposition relative to traditional ones.
Also, this contribution aims to review the status of molten salt reactor technology, including Russian experience, to evaluate the importance of remaining uncertainties and to identify the additional work needed.