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Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal
SJR: 0.123

ISSN Print: 2151-805X
ISSN Online: 2151-8068

Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/EthicsBiologyEngMed.2015013123
pages 71-77

Biomedical Ethics and Legal Perspectives

Bijayesh Haldar
Centre of Biological Engineering, Shobhit University, Gangoh, Saharanpur, India
Bishnanand Dubey
School of Law and Constitutional Studies, Shobhit University, Gangoh, Saharanpur, India
Durg Vijay Rai
Centre of Biological Engineering, Shobhit University, Gangoh, Saharanpur, India

ABSTRACT

Biomedical sciences have expanded considerably in the last few decades and have received special attention for their contribution to improvement in the quality of human life. In recent years, the biomedical sciences have emerged as a growing field of innovative scientific research. Therefore, it is very important to have social enforcement of the importance of the contributions of biomedical sciences in morality, ethics, and law. It has been universally accepted that without human clinical trials, new vaccines or drugs cannot be launched in the market. However, there are various reports and guidelines available by different global bodies to address law, ethics, and morality in human clinical trials, such as the World Medical Association Guidelines, the Nuremberg Code, and the United Nations Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. Even with these rules and guidelines, a legitimate enforcement mechanism is required to give equal priority to ethics and morality with law in a framework. Ethics and morality are used in part to create laws, but the priority of ethics and morality is sometimes ignored. An attempt has been made to initiate universal rules/guidelines that could bridge the gap between law, ethics, and morality to ensure equality, freedom, justice, and dignity for individuals and to regulate the law in biomedical ethics. India recently began bold efforts to control the menace of illegal biomedical trials by observing the Supreme Court guidelines.


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