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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v14.i4.60
pages 385-393

Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity in Some Species of Polyporoid Mushrooms from Poland

Katarzyna Sulkowska-Ziaja
Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum
Bozena Muszynska
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Paulina Motyl
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum, Medical College, Medyczna Street 9, 30-688 Krakow, Poland
Pawel Pasko
Department of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, Medyczna Street 9, 30-688 Krakow, Poland
Halina Ekiert
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Jagiellonian University, Collegium Medicum, Kraków, Poland

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated polyporoid mushrooms (Aphyllophorales sensu lato) commonly occurring in Poland−Daedaleopsis confragosa, Fomitopsis pinicola, Gloeophyllum sepiarium, Laetiporus sulphureus, and Piptoporus betulinus−for their content of phenolic compounds, including phenolic acids, in extracts of their fruiting bodies, and their biological activities. The contents of protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and vanillic acid were determined by HPLC. Protocatechuic acid was the dominant phenol acid, with levels ranging from 17.7 μg to 90.0 μg/g dry weight. The highest total concentration of phenolic acids was observed in Fomitopsis pinicola (114.9 μg/g dry weight). The total content of phenolics compounds ranged from 6.80 to 21.88 mg/g dry weight. Fomitopsis pinicola and Gloeophyllum sepiarium contained the highest amounts of phenolic compounds (21.88 mg/g dry weight and 19.88 mg/g, respectively) and the highest antioxidant activity evaluated by FRAP method (55.79 and 87.82 mmol Trolox/kg dry weight, respectively).


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