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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v14.i3.40
pages 271-284

Isolation and Purification of Polysaccharides with Anti-tumor Activity from Pholiota adiposa (Batsch) P. Kumm. (Higher Basidiomycetes)

Qingxiu Hu
Institute of agricultral source and regional planning research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China ; State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Microbiology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193
Hexiang Wang
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology and Department of Microbiology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Tzi Bun Ng
School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China

ABSTRACT

Pholiota adiposa is a mushroom with excellent medicinal and nutritional properties. After culture in fermentation medium, Ph. Adiposa mycelia were filtered, lyophilized, and powdered. A crude polysaccharide (PAP) of Ph. Adiposa was prepared from the mycelial powder with hot water, centrifuged, and the resulting supernatant lyophilized. PAP was fractionated by 30%, 60%, and 80% ethanol precipitation steps to yield PAP30, PAP60, and PAP80. Subsequently PAP30-1 and PAP30-2, PAP60-1 and PAP60-2, and PAP80-1 and PAP80-2 were isolated from PAP30, PAP60, and PAP80, respectively, by ion-exchange chromatography on a DEAE-Sepharose column. Polysaccharide content increased from 43.8% in PAP to 50.54%~73.19% in PAP30-1~PAP80-2. The protein content was 4.92% at minimum in these polysaccharide products. In order to identify the chemical composition, the six polysaccharides (PAP30-1, PAP30-2, PAP60-1, PAP60-2, PAP80-1, and PAP80-2) were further purified by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-100-500. Finally, three water-soluble polysaccharides (PAP30-2a, PAP60-2b, and PAP80-2a) were obtained. HPLC analysis revealed that PAP30-2a, PAP60-2b, and PAP80-2a exhibited a molecular weight of 6.6 × 105 Da, 8.4 × 103 Da, and 3.5 × 103 Da, respectively. The glucose content in PAP80-2a, PAP60-2b, and PAP30-2a was 57.8%, 72.7%, and 68.9%, respectively. PAP30-2a, PAP60-2b, and PAP80-2a demonstrated significant differences in anti-tumor activity in mice. PAP80-2a is the optimal bioactive constituent with anti-tumor and T-lymphocyte proliferation stimulating effects.


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