Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v17.i6.30
pages 521-531

Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic Effects of the Cracked-Cap Medicinal Mushroom Phellinus rimosus (Higher Basidiomycetes) in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

Kuttikkadan A. Rony
Department of Microbiology, Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala, India
Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan Ajith
Department of Biochemistry, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Amala Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala, India
Kainoor K. Janardhanan
Department of Microbiology, Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala, India

ABSTRACT

Phellinus rimosus is a parasitic host specific polypore mushroom with profound antioxidant, antihepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antimutagenic activities. This study investigated the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities of the wood-inhabiting polypore mushroom Ph. Rimosus in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (45 mg/kg) to Wistar rats. The effects of 30 days treatment with Ph. Rimosus (50 and 250 mg/ kg) and glibenclamide (0.65 mg/kg) on blood glucose level, serum insulin, serum lipid profile, liver glycogen, liver function enzymes, and non-enzymic and enzymic antioxidants activities in pancreas, liver, and kidney were evaluated in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Oral administration of Ph. Rimosus extract exhibited a significant reduction in blood glucose, triacylglycerol, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and liver function enzymes, and increased serum insulin, liver glycogen, and HDL-cholesterol levels in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Furthermore, Ph. Rimosus treatment increased antioxidant status in pancreas, liver, and kidney tissues with concomitant decreases in levels of thiobarbituric acid- reactive substances. Results of this study indicated that Ph. Rimosus possessed significant hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities and this effect may be related to its insulinogenic and antioxidant effect.


Articles with similar content:

The Medicinal Cracked-Cap Polypore Mushroom Phellinus rimosus (Higher Basidiomycetes) Attenuates Alloxan-Induced Hyperglycemia and Oxidative Stress in Rats
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.15, 2013, issue 3
Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan Ajith, Kainoor K. Janardhanan, Kuttikkadan A. Rony, John Mathew
Evaluation of the Antioxidative and Hypo-cholesterolemic Effects of Lingzhi or Reishi Medicinal Mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Agaricomycetes), in Ameliorating Cardiovascular Disease
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.20, 2018, issue 10
Mohammad Azizur Rahman, Norhaniza Aminudin, Noorlidah Abdullah
Biological Activity of Cordyceps (Fr.) Link Species (Ascomycetes) Derived from a Natural Source and from Fermented Mycelia on Diabetes in STZ-Induced Rats
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.4, 2002, issue 2
Hui-Chen Lo, Tai-Hao Hsu
Protective Effect of Acacia ferruginea against Ulcerative Colitis via Modulating Inflammatory Mediators, Cytokine Profile and NF-κB Signal Transduction Pathways
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.33, 2014, issue 2
Chandrasekaran Guruvayoorappan, Kunnathur Murugesan Sakthivel
Medicinal Mushroom Cracked-Cap Polypore, Phellinus rimosus (Higher Basidiomycetes) Attenuates Acute Ethanol-Induced Lipid Peroxidation in Mice
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.17, 2015, issue 11
Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan Ajith, Kainoor K. Janardhanan