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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v5.i1.50
6 pages

Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Mushrooms from the Genus Coprinus (Fr.) S. F. Gray (Agaricomycetideae)

Valentina A. Zenkova
Gause Institute of New Antibiotics RAMS, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya 11, Moscow 119992, Russia
Olga V. Efremenkova
Gause Institute of New Antibiotics RAMS, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya 11, Moscow 119867, Russia
Ekaterina Y. Ershova
Gause Institute of New Antibiotics RAMS, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya 11, Moscow 119992, Russia
Irina V. Tolstych
Gause Institute of New Antibiotics RAMS, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya 11, Moscow 119867, Russia
Yuri V. Dudnik
Gause Institute of New Antibiotics RAMS, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya 11, Moscow 119992, Russia

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial activity of 14 strains of 6 species of the genus Coprinus (family Coprinaceae, Agaricales s.l.): C. micaceus (Bull.: Fr.) Fr. VKM F-2945, VKM F-2946, C. delicatulus Apinis VKPM F-248, C. comatus (Mull.: Fr.) Pers. 2957, C. congregatus (Bull.) Fr. 2961, 3003, C. radiatus (Bolt.) Fr. 2965 , 2987, C. digitalis (Batsch) Fr. 2956, Coprinus sp. 2958, 2959, 2960-1, 2960-2, 3002 were studied. Antimicrobial activity was found in 13 strains. The test organisms selected for the antimicrobial activity study were Bacillus subtilis AONN 6633, B. mycoides 537, B. pumilis NCTC 8241, Leuconostoc mesenteroides VKPM B-4177, Micrococcus luteus NCTC 8340, Staphylococcus aureus FDA 209P, INA 00761, INA 00762, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Comamonas terrigena ATCC 8461, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Aspergillus niger INA 00760, Saccharomyces cerevisiae RIA 259, and Candida albicans INA 00763. The biosynthesis levels were different and in some strains activity was found only after extraction and concentration of biologically active substances from mycelium or cultural liquid. One strain demonstrated a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity (against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as against fungi); 3 strains against Gram-positive bacteria only; 5 strains against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; 3 against Gram-positive bacteria and microfungi. Coprinus representatives are a possible source of antibacterial antibiotics.


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