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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v12.i1.20
pages 17-31

Antiproliferative Activities of Methanolic Extracts from a Neotropical Ganoderma Species (Aphyllophoromycetideae): Identification and Characterization of a Novel Ganoderic Acid

Stephane Welti
Laboratoire de Botanique et de Mycologie, Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques de Lille, EA2692, IFR114, Lille, France
Pierre-Arthur Moreau
Laboratoire de Botanique et de Mycologie, Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques de Lille, EA2692, IFR114, Lille, France
Nathalie Azaroual
Laboratoire de Physique et d'Application RMN, Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques de Lille, CNRS, UMR 8009 France
Amelie Lemoine
Institut de Chimie Pharmaceutique Albert Lespagnol (ICPAL), EA2692, IFR114, Lille, France
Nathalie Duhal
Centre Universitaire de Mesures et d'Analyses, Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques de Lille, Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille France, UDSL, 59006 Lille, France
Mostafa Kouach
Centre Universitaire de Mesures et d'Analyses, Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques de Lille, Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille France, UDSL, 59006 Lille, France
Regis Millet
Institut de Chimie Pharmaceutique Albert Lespagnol (ICPAL), EA2692, IFR114, Lille, France
Regis Courtecuisse
Laboratoire de Botanique et de Mycologie, Faculté des sciences pharmaceutiques et biologiques de Lille, EA2692, IFR114, Lille, France

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to compare antiproliferative activities of different methanolic extracts from French-Antillean and Guianese species of Ganodermataceae Donk and two reference species: European G. lucidumand Asian "G. lucidum," on human prostate cancer (PC-3), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), and human colon adenocarcinoma grade II HT29. We demonstrated that antiproliferative activity from European G. lucidum is similar to the "G. lucidum" traditionally used in Asian medicine except for HT29 cancer cells, where no activity has been demonstrated for the Asian species. We also show that some Neotropical Ganoderma such as Ganoderma aff. tuberculosum could also inhibit the growth of cancer cells as well as or better than "G. lucidum," which is used in traditional Asian Medicine and European G. lucidum. Standards GA A, GA DM, and GA F previously reported to have antiproliferative activities were not found in methanolic extracts of Ganoderma aff. tuberculosum. On the contrary, methanolic extracts of this species contains the same major, and at present undescribed, ganoderic acid FWI. Thus, although demonstrating no significant activity on PC3, MCF-7, and HT29, GA FWI remains interesting as a taxonomic marker for this species.


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