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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v13.i6.40
pages 525-533

Investigation of Antiproliferative Effect of Ether and Ethanol Extracts of Birch Polypore Medicinal Mushroom, Piptoporus betulinus (Bull.:Fr.) P. Karst. (Higher Basidiomycetes) In Vitro Grown Mycelium

Malgorzata Cyranka
Independent Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Jaczewskiego 2, 20-090 Lublin, Poland; Department of Virology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
Marcin Graz
Department of Biochemistry, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
Jozef Kaczor
Department of Virology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin
Martyna Kandefer-Szerszen
Department of Virology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin
Katarzyna Walczak
Department of Medical Biology, Institute of Agriculture Medicine, Jaczewskiego 2, 20-090 Lublin, Poland
Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak
Department of Molecular Biology and Translational Research, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Wojciech Rzeski
Department of Medical Biology, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland; Department of Virology and Immunology, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland

ABSTRACT

This paper describes the study conducted to evaluate the antiproliferative activity of ether and ethanol extracts isolated from Piptoporus betulinus against cancer-derived cells. The fungal material used for extract preparation and further experiments was obtained from in vitro grown strains of P. betulinus. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study evaluating antiproliferative potential of in vitro cultured birch polypore fungus. The effect of ether and ethanol extracts on cell proliferation, viability, and adhesion was assessed on colorectal adenocarcinoma cancer cell line LS180, whereas the cytotoxicity effect was investigated in normal colon epithelium-derived cell line CCD 841 CoTr. Studied extracts highly decreased the viability of cancer cells, slightly inhibiting proliferation and tumor cell adhesion in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Cytotoxicity of extracts against cells of normal colon epithelium origin was observed only at the highest studied concentration. The obtained results may seem interesting in comparison with previous studies on water extracts from natural grown P. betulinus. Future research on mycelial extract activity, as well as the content analysis, is needed.