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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Factor de Impacto: 1.625 Factor de Impacto de 5 años: 1.63 SJR: 0.402 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 2.3

ISSN Imprimir: 0731-8898
ISSN En Línea: 2162-6537

Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v31.i1.50
pages 39-48

Evidence of Antiapoptotic Properties of Pleurotus florida Lectin Against Chronic Arsenic Toxicity in Renal Cells of Rats

Tanmoy Rana
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Kolkata, India
Asit Kumar Bera
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Kolkata, India; National Research Centre On Yak, Dirang, West Kameng District, Arunachal,Pradesh, India
Debasis Bhattacharya
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Kolkata, India; National Research Centre On Yak, Dirang, West Kameng District, Arunachal,Pradesh, India
Subhashree Das
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Kolkata, India
Diganta Pan
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Kolkata, India
Subrata Kumar Das
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Kolkata, India

SINOPSIS

Chronic arsenic exposure results in toxicity in humans and causes many toxicologic manifestations. Apoptosis was measured by cell adhesion, morphologic alterations, cell proliferation, terminal deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL), and caspase-3/CPP32 fluorometric protease assay. Results of the present study suggested that arsenic administration in rats caused apoptosis by elevating morphologic alterations, TUNEL-positive nuclei, caspase-3 activity, and DNA damage and by reducing cell adhesion and cell proliferation in a time-dependent manner. The apoptosis in renal cells of arsenic-exposed rats reverted to normal values after coadministration of mushroom lectin. This study provided significant evidence that Pleurotus florida lectin has an antiapoptotic property by protecting from arsenic-induced toxicity. The beneficial effect of Pleurotus florida lectin was proportional to its duration of exposure. This finding might be of therapeutic benefit in people suffering from chronic exposure to arsenic from natural sources, a global problem that is especially relevant to millions of people on the Indian subcontinent


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