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Nanoscience and Technology: An International Journal
ESCI SJR: 1.031 SNIP: 1.517 CiteScore™: 0.7

ISSN Imprimir: 2572-4258
ISSN En Línea: 2572-4266

Nanoscience and Technology: An International Journal

Formerly Known as Nanomechanics Science and Technology: An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/NanomechanicsSciTechnolIntJ.v7.i4.40
pages 311-334

INFLUENCE OF MODIFYING ADDITIVES ON THE PHASE STABILITY AND RESISTANCE TO OXIDATION OF COATINGS BASED ON STABILIZED ZIRCONIUM DIOXIDE AND A CARBON−CARBON COMPOSITE MATERIAL

D. Yu. Sinitsyn
National University of Science and Technology "MISiS" 4 Leninsky Ave., Moscow, 119049, Russia
V. N. Anikin
National University of Science and Technology "MISiS", 4 Leninskiy Ave., Moscow, 119049, Russian Federation
S. A. Eremin
National University of Science and Technology "MISiS", 4 Leninskiy Ave., Moscow, 119049, Russian Federation
B. V. Ryabenko
Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Gas-Turbine Engineering Research and Production Center "Salut" 16/2 Budyonny Ave., Moscow, 105118, Russia

SINOPSIS

Experiments on deposition of barrier and heat-resistant layers were conducted. As the barrier layer (BL) use was made of ZrN that was deposited on carbon–carbon composite material (CCCM) by the method of ion-plasma sputtering. Heat-resistant coatings were applied by the method of atmospheric plasma spraying. A series of samples with the following compositions of heat-resistant layers were obtained in the work: (1) 92 wt.% ZrO2 + 8 wt.% Y2O3; (2) (92 wt.% ZrO2 + 8 wt.% Y2O3) + 10% HfO2; (3) La2Zr2O7; (4) 20% (ZrO2 + 8% Y2O3) + 80% MoSi2, and (5) 10% (ZrO2 + 8% Y2O3) + 90% MoSi2. Also presented in the work are the results of scanning electron microscopy, as well as phase and elemental analysis of the coating obtained. It has been elucidated that the sample with coating of composition (1) has a fine-grain structure pierced by a net of cracks; the sample with coating of composition (2) has only local cracks, whereas that with coating of composition (3) has a large-grain structure with the absence of cracks. The sample with coating of composition (4) also has no cracks and the structure consists of fused particles. This is due to the presence of thermal stresses in the coating caused by the presence of various polymorphic modifications of zirconium dioxide. To stabilize one of these modifications and reduce the stresses that lead to cracking of coating, additives of titanium oxide (2) and of lanthanum oxide (3) were used. The presence of the nanomodified additive HfO2 in amounts of 10 wt.% in coating of composition (2) did not lead to a decrease in thermal stresses, which is seen on micrographs. It is shown that in the samples with coatings of compositions (2) and (3) the microstructure differs substantially, from which the conclusion was drawn that the nanomodifying additive of yttrium oxide increases the plasticity of coating and prevents the formation of cracks. The samples were subjected to testing for heat resistance in an oxygen–acetylene torch flow for 20 s at a temperature 2100°C. It has also been established that coatings of compositions (4) and (5) have excellent operating characteristics and that with increase in the concentration of MoSi2 in a coating, the porosity decreases, the structure of the coating becomes finer, with the average size of the structural component decreasing by 75 nm. Thus, it was possible to attain the self-healing effect with simultaneous stabilization of the monoclinic phase.


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