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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Imprimir: 2150-766X
ISSN En Línea: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2013005383
pages 119-162

POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES AS ABLATIVE MATERIALS−A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW

Joseph H. Koo
KAI, LLC, Austin, Texas 78739, USA; The University of Texas at Austin, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 204 Dean Keeton St. C2200, Austin, TX 78712, USA
M. Natali
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy
J. Tate
Ingram School of Engineering, Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas 78666, USA
E. Allcorn
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78739, USA

SINOPSIS

A comprehensive review was conducted on the research and development of polymer nanocomposites used as thermal protection systems (TPS) for re-entry vehicles and as nozzle and internal insulation materials for propulsion systems. This paper summarizes the significant R&D efforts on the studies of nanostructured ablative materials by scientists from China, India, Italy, Iran, and the US for the past decade. Thermoset, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermoplastic elastomers were used as polymer matrices. Nanomaterials, such as montmorillonite organoclays, carbon nanofibers (CNFs), polyhedral oligomeric silssequioxanes (POSS), nanosilicas, nanoalumina, carbon black, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were incorporated into the different resin matrices as nanofillers. Conventional fibers, such as asbestos, carbon, glass, and silica, were used as reinforcements. Ablation mechanisms were studied and proposed by the researchers on their nanostructured ablatives.


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