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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
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ISSN Imprimir: 1040-8401
ISSN En Línea: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v37.i2-6.140
pages 507-521

DNA Vaccines – A Modern Gimmick or a Boon to Vaccinology?

Elanchezhiyan Manickan
Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0845
Kevin L. Karem
Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0845
Barry T. Rouse
Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0845

SINOPSIS

The reports in 1993 that naked DNA encoding viral genes conferred protective immunity came as a surprise to most vaccinologists. This review analyses the expanding number of examples where plasmid DNA induces immune responses. Issues such as the type of immunity induced, mechanisms of immune protection, and how DNA vaccines compare with other approaches are emphasized. Additional issues discussed include the likely means by which DNA vaccines induce CTL, how the potency and type of immunity induced can be modified, and whether DNA vaccines represent a practical means of manipulating unwanted immune response occurring during immunoinflammatory diseases. It seems doubtful if DNA vaccines will replace currently effective vaccines, but they may prove useful for prophylactic use against some agents that at present lack an effective vaccine. DNA vaccines promise to be valuable to manipulate the immune response in situations where responses to agents are inappropriate or ineffective.


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