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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
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ISSN Imprimir: 1040-8401
ISSN En Línea: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v18.i5.20
pages 419-448

Ca2+ Signaling in T-Lymphocytes

Andreas H. Guse
University of Hamburg, Institute of Physiological Chemistry, Dept. of Enzyme Chemistry, Grindelallee 117, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany

SINOPSIS

Ca2+ signaling in response to antigenic stimulation is essential for proliferation of T cells and therefore is one of the important early events in T-lymphocyte signal transduction. Several aspects of T cell receptor/CD3 complex stimulated Ca2+ signaling are reviewed: generation, metabolism, function, and intracellular targets of the Ca2+-mobilizing second messengers inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and cyclic ADP-ribose, the mechanism of Ca2+ entry, and the generation of Ca2+ oscillations on the single cell level. In addition, Ca2+ signaling induced by further stimuli is discussed, including other T-lymphocyte surface receptors (e.g., CD4 or β1-integrins, lipids, and physical stimuli).


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