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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
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ISSN Imprimir: 1040-8401
ISSN En Línea: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.2015014925
pages 261-275

Effect of Circadian Rhythm on Clinical and Pathophysiological Conditions and Inflammation

Takako Kizaki
Department of Molecular Predictive Medicine and Sport Science, Kyorin University, School of Medicine, 6-20-2, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan
Shogo Sato
Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323, Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 USA
Ken Shirato
Department of Molecular Predictive Medicine and Sport Science, Kyorin University, School of Medicine, 6-20-2, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan
Takuya Sakurai
Department of Molecular Predictive Medicine and Sport Science, Kyorin University, School of Medicine, 6-20-2, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan
Junetsu Ogasawara
Department of Molecular Predictive Medicine and Sport Science, Kyorin University, School of Medicine, 6-20-2, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan
Tetsuya Izawa
Faculty & Graduate School of Health & Sports Science, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyakodani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0394, Japan
Yoshinobu Ohira
Faculty & Graduate School of Health & Sports Science, Doshisha University, 1-3 Miyakodani, Tatara, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0394, Japan
Kenji Suzuki
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1-1-1 Noji-higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
Hideki Ohno
Department of Molecular Predictive Medicine and Sport Science, Kyorin University, School of Medicine, 6-20-2, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan

SINOPSIS

Circadian rhythms have long been known to regulate numerous physiological processes that vary across the diurnal cycle. The circadian clock system also controls various parameters of the immune system and its biological defense functions, allowing an organism to anticipate daily changes in activity and feeding and the associated risk of infection. Inflammation is an immune response triggered in living organisms in response to external stimuli. The risk of sepsis, an excessive inflammatory response, has been shown to have a diurnal variation. On the other hand, inflammatory responses are emerging to be induced by endogenous factors. Recent studies have suggested that chronic inflammation causes chronic diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, allergies, and aging-related diseases and that proteins encoded by clock genes affect the development of such chronic inflammatory diseases or increase the severity of their symptoms. Therefore, detailed understanding of circadian rhythm effects on inflammatory responses is expected to lead to new strategies for prevention or treatment of inflammatory diseases.


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