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Journal of Porous Media
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ISSN Imprimir: 1091-028X
ISSN En Línea: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v19.i11.50
pages 993-999

APPLICATIONS OF POROUS MATERIALS AND NANOPARTICLES IN IMPROVING SOLAR DESALINATION SYSTEMS

Ehab Hussein Bani-Hani
Mechanical Engineering Department, Australian College of Kuwait, Safat 13015, Kuwait
Christopher Borgford
Mechanical Engineering Department, Australian College of Kuwait, Safat 13015, Kuwait
Khalil Khanafer
Mechanical Engineering Department, Australian College of Kuwait, Safat, 13015

SINOPSIS

The effect of varying the absorber materials on the productivity of distillate was investigated experimentally. The first absorber material was porous media; light-colored and black-colored sponges. The second absorber material tested was manganese dioxide powder. The porous materials were also combined with the MnO2 nanoparticles to investigate their effects on the distillate output. The baseline model was used for comparison when using different absorber materials. The results of this investigation showed that the addition of porous medium to the absorber increased the distillate output by 38% and 192% for the light and dark sponges, respectively, compared with the baseline model. The addition of MnO2 increased the absorption of solar energy and consequently increased the mass flow rate of distilled water. The highest mass flow rate output was attributed to MnO2 and the dark sponge at 3.648 kg/m2/day, followed by a dark sponge 3.064 kg/m2/day.


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