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Journal of Porous Media
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ISSN Imprimir: 1091-028X
ISSN En Línea: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v5.i2.20
16 pages

Numerical Study of Natural Convection in a Vertical Cylindrical Annulus Using a Non-Darcy Equation

B. M. R. Prasanna
Department of Mathematics, Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumkur 572 103, India
M. Venkatachalappa
UGC Centre for Advanced Studies in Fluid Mechanics, Department of Mathematics, Bangalore University, Bangalore 560 001, India


A numerical Investigation of transient free convection in a vertical cylindrical annulus filled with a fluid saturated porous medium with the inner wall heated to a uniform temperature, the outer wall cooled to a uniform temperature and maintaining top and bottom boundaries at adiabatic condition, bos been carried out. A finite difference implicit method which incorporates upwind differencing for nonlinear convective terms and the successive line over relaxation (SLOR) method for convergence are used to solve the coupled nonlinear governing equations. Heat transfer rate and flow fields are obtained for wide range of Rayleigh numbers Ra ranging from 103 to 106, Darcy numbers Da ranging from 10-1 to 10-3, radii ratio l in the range 1 Ј l Ј 10, and aspect ratio A in the range 1 Ј A Ј 2. The numerical results indicate that the temperature and velocity fields are significantly modified and the beat transfer rate is decreased as the Darcy number decreases. The temperature and velocity fields are significantly modified by the radii ratio. The rate of heat transfer increases with an increase in radii ratio. At a high Rayleigh number the curvature effect on heat transfer is insignificant. The numerical results further indicate that an increase in viscosity ratio (L) reduces the Nusselt number by enhancing the contribution of the viscous diffusion term.

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