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Journal of Porous Media
Factor de Impacto: 1.49 Factor de Impacto de 5 años: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Imprimir: 1091-028X
ISSN En Línea: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v15.i8.50
pages 765-774

DOUBLE DIFFUSIVE CONVECTION IN A POROUS CAVITY NEAR ITS DENSITY MAXIMUM

M. Muthtamilselvan
Department of Applied Mathematics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641 402, India
Manab Kumar Das
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, 721302, West Bengal, India

SINOPSIS

Natural convection of cold water around its density maximum in two-dimensional cavity filled with a water-saturated isotropic porous medium is studied numerically. The horizontal walls of the cavity are insulated. The opposing vertical walls are kept at different temperatures θh and θch > θc). The concentration levels at the cold wall and the hot wall are respectively Cc and Ch with Ch > Cc. The governing equations are solved by the finite volume method using the SIMPLE (semi-implicit method for pressure linked equation) algorithm with the QUICK scheme of Hayase et al. The results are presented in the form of streamlines, isotherms, isoconcentrations and mid-height velocity profiles for various values of thermal Rayleigh number, density inversion parameter, buoyancy ratio, Schmidt number, Darcy number and porosity. In addition, results for the average Nusselt number and Sherwood number are presented and discussed for various parametric conditions. It is observed that the Nusselt number and the average Sherwood number behave nonlinearly with increasing buoyancy ratio number.


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