Suscripción a Biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digitalde Biblioteca Digital eLibros Revistas Referencias y Libros de Ponencias Colecciones
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.207 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Imprimir: 0278-940X
ISSN En Línea: 1943-619X

Volumes:
Volumen 47, 2019 Volumen 46, 2018 Volumen 45, 2017 Volumen 44, 2016 Volumen 43, 2015 Volumen 42, 2014 Volumen 41, 2013 Volumen 40, 2012 Volumen 39, 2011 Volumen 38, 2010 Volumen 37, 2009 Volumen 36, 2008 Volumen 35, 2007 Volumen 34, 2006 Volumen 33, 2005 Volumen 32, 2004 Volumen 31, 2003 Volumen 30, 2002 Volumen 29, 2001 Volumen 28, 2000 Volumen 27, 1999 Volumen 26, 1998 Volumen 25, 1997 Volumen 24, 1996 Volumen 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.2019026514
pages 109-119

A Comparison of Force Sensing for Applications in Prosthetic Haptic Feedback

Megan Wieser
School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona
Jinglin Liu
School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona
Priscilla Hernandez
School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona
Jeffrey T. La Belle
School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

SINOPSIS

The current study presents a comparison of two load sensor designs that can be applied toward haptic feedback sensing in upper limb prosthetics. A lab-standard capacitive load cell sensor is discussed, which is succeeded by the proposal of an electrochemical sensor. Experiments were conducted primarily as a proof-of-principle study to evaluate sensor characteristics for prosthetic applications. The aim is to address the need for minimally invasive, cost-effective prosthetic sensor technologies, as the investigated sensor designs conceptualize applications of average grip forces. Thus, force requirements for the sensors were determined to be 250–500 N per the average maximum grip strength of healthy adults. Comparable to a commercial gold-standard capacitive load cell design, a lab-standard load cell sensor was inexpensively manufactured using conductive foam. The lab-standard design was improved upon by employing electrochemical techniques and CP-9000, a thermoplastic elastomer material, to form an electrochemical sensor for enhanced sensitivity. Sustained loads ranging from 0.49 to 2.45 N resulted in average maximum current readouts of − 1.25 × 10-1 to − 4.25 × 10-1 for the lab-standard sensor, and − 5.95 μA to − 7.85 μA for the electrochemical sensor. The electrochemical sensor was reproducible and demonstrated the potential to discriminate between various loads. Force requirements were not reached; however, future studies will seek to increase the mechanical strength of the electrochemical sensor. As the initial electrochemical sensor design provides a potential method for low-cost computer-based prosthetics, thermoplastic elastomer materials with increased elastic and mechanical strength properties will be investigated.

REFERENCIAS

  1. Ziegler-Graham K, MacKenzie EJ, Ephraim PL, Travison TG, Brookmeyer R. , Estimating the prevalence of limb loss in the United States: 2005 to 2050. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Mar 1;89(3):422–9.

  2. McGimpsey G, Bradford T, Limb prosthetics services and devices [Internet]. Worcester Polytechnic Institute: BICN. [cited 2018 May 27]. 35. Available from: https://www. nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/2017/04/28/239_ limb_prosthetics_services_devices.pdf.

  3. Salminger S, Roche AD, Sturma A, Mayer JA, Aszmann OC. , hand transplantation versus hand prosthetics: pros and cons. Curr Surg Rep. 2016 Jan 27;4(2):8.

  4. Shull PB, Damian DD. , Haptic wearables as sensory replacement, sensory augmentation and trainer—a review. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2015 Jul 20;12(59):13.

  5. Park M, Bok B-G, Ahn J-H, Kim M-S. , Recent advances in tactile sensing technology. Micromachines. 2018 Jun 25;9(7):321.

  6. Polliack AA, Sieh RC, Craig DD, Landsberger S, McNeil DR, Ayyappa E. , Scientific validation of two commercial pressure sensor systems for prosthetic socket fit. Prosthet Orthot Int. 2000 Apr; 24(1):63–73.

  7. Stephens-Fripp B, Mutlu R, Alici G., Applying mechanical pressure and skin stretch simultaneously for sensory feedback in prosthetic hands. 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob); 2018 Aug 26–29; Enschede. New York: IEEE; 2018. p. 230–5.

  8. Cordella F, Ciancio AL, Sacchetti R, Davalli A, Cutti AG, Guglielmelli E, Zollo L. , Literature review on needs of upper limb prosthesis users. Front Neurosci. 2016 May 12;10(209):13.

  9. Antfolk C, D’Alonzo M, Rosén B, Lundborg G, Sebelius F, Cipriani C. , Sensory feedback in upper limb prosthetics. Exp Rev Med Dev. 2013 Jan 1;10(1):45–54.

  10. Richards AM, Mitsou J, Floyd DC, Terenghi G, Mc- Grouther DA. , Neural innervation and healing. Lancet. 1997;350(2):339–40.

  11. Morgan NH, inventor. CHORMERICS, Inc., assignee. Foam in place conductive polyurethane foam. United States patent US 4931479B1. 2000 Oct 10.

  12. Belter JT, Segil JL, Dollar AM, Weir RF. , Mechanical design and performance specifications of anthropomorphic prosthetic hands: a review. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013; 50(5): 599–618.

  13. Massy-Westropp NM, Gill TK, Taylor AW, Bohannon RW, Hill CL., Hand grip strength: age and gender stratified normative data in a population-based study. BMC Res Notes. 2011 Apr 14;4:127.

  14. Vandeparre H, Watson D, Lacour SP. , Extremely robust and conformable capacitive pressure sensors based on flexible polyurethane foams and stretchable metallization. Appl Phys Lett. 2013 Nov 11;103(20):204103.

  15. Bark K, Wheeler J, Lee G, Savall J, Cutkosky M., A wearable skin stretch device for haptic feedback. In: World Haptics 2009—Third Joint EuroHaptics Conference and Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems. 2009; Salt Lake City, UT USA. IEEE. p. 464–9.

  16. Zen Spectrum Technology Co. Zensor research and development: product intro. [updated 2016; cited 2018 May 7]. Available from: http://www.zensor.com.tw/#SPE.

  17. Kadara RO, Jenkinson N, Banks CE. , Characterisation of commercially available electrochemical sensing platforms Sensors Actuators B: Chemical. 2009 May 6; 138(2): 556–62.

  18. Amin S, Amin M. , Thermoplastic elastomeric (TPE) materials and their use in outdoor electrical insulation. Rev Adv Mater Sci. 2011 May 3;29(2011):30–15.

  19. Prospector. Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE) Typical Properties Generic TPSiV [updated 2018; cited 2018 Nov 2]. Available from: https://plastics.ulprospector.com/ generics/ 53/c/t/thermoplastic-elastomer-tpe-properties-processing/ sp/33.

  20. Schmucker-Castner JF, Ambuter H, Snyder M, Weaver AA, Kotian SV, inventors; Noveon Ip Holdings Corp., assignee. Stable aqueous surfactant compositions. United States patent WO 2001076552A2. 2001 April 11.

  21. Johnson RO, Burlhis HS. , Polyetherimide: a new high‐performance thermoplastic resin. J Polym Sci: Polym Symp. 1983 Jan 1;70(1):129–43.