Suscripción a Biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digitalde Biblioteca Digital eLibros Revistas Referencias y Libros de Ponencias Colecciones
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.207 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Imprimir: 0278-940X
ISSN En Línea: 1943-619X

Volumes:
Volumen 47, 2019 Volumen 46, 2018 Volumen 45, 2017 Volumen 44, 2016 Volumen 43, 2015 Volumen 42, 2014 Volumen 41, 2013 Volumen 40, 2012 Volumen 39, 2011 Volumen 38, 2010 Volumen 37, 2009 Volumen 36, 2008 Volumen 35, 2007 Volumen 34, 2006 Volumen 33, 2005 Volumen 32, 2004 Volumen 31, 2003 Volumen 30, 2002 Volumen 29, 2001 Volumen 28, 2000 Volumen 27, 1999 Volumen 26, 1998 Volumen 25, 1997 Volumen 24, 1996 Volumen 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.2016017149
pages 91-97

Hydrocephalus and Ventriculoperitoneal Shunts: Modes of Failure and Opportunities for Improvement

Julianne Jorgensen
Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering, Needham, Massachusetts, USA
Corin Williams
Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA
Alisha Sarang-Sieminski
Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering, Needham, Massachusetts, USA

SINOPSIS

Between 0.5 and 4 of every 1000 children are born with hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus is an over-accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain, which can affect cognitive function, vision, appetite, and cranial nerve function. Left untreated, hydrocephalus can result in death. The current treatment for hydrocephalus uses ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts with valves to redirect CSF from the ventricles into the peritoneum. Shunt technology is limited by a number of complications, which include infection after implantation, shunt obstruction due to clot formation or catheter obstruction by scar tissue or choroid plexus, disconnection and tubing migration, and overdrainage or underdrainage of CSF due to valve malfunction. While modifications to surgical procedures and shunt design have been introduced, only modest improvements in outcomes have been observed. Here we provide an overview of hydrocephalus, VP shunts, and their modes of failure, and we identify numerous areas of opportunity for biomedical engineers and physicians to collaborate to improve the performance of VP shunts.


Articles with similar content:

Nerve Block Therapy and Postherpetic Neuralgia
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.7, 1995, issue 2
Kenjiro Dan
Postherpetic Neuralgia and Nerve Block Therapy
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.29, 2017, issue 1-4
Kenjiro Dan
Guillain-Barre Syndrome: A Review and Analysis of Current Neurorehabilitation Approaches and Outcomes
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.18, 2006, issue 4
Kevin R. Scott, Daniel M. Chehebar, Milind J. Kothari
Stem Cells for Skin Tissue Engineering and Wound Healing
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering, Vol.37, 2009, issue 4-5
Francois Berthiaume, Melissa Przyborowski, Ming Chen
Rehabilitation of Hip Fractures: a Review
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.10, 1998, issue 1
Eli Isakov, Reuben Eldar