Suscripción a Biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digitalde Biblioteca Digital eLibros Revistas Referencias y Libros de Ponencias Colecciones
Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer
Factor de Impacto: 0.562 Factor de Impacto de 5 años: 0.605 SJR: 0.175 SNIP: 0.361 CiteScore™: 0.33

ISSN Imprimir: 1065-5131
ISSN En Línea: 1026-5511

Volumen 27, 2020 Volumen 26, 2019 Volumen 25, 2018 Volumen 24, 2017 Volumen 23, 2016 Volumen 22, 2015 Volumen 21, 2014 Volumen 20, 2013 Volumen 19, 2012 Volumen 18, 2011 Volumen 17, 2010 Volumen 16, 2009 Volumen 15, 2008 Volumen 14, 2007 Volumen 13, 2006 Volumen 12, 2005 Volumen 11, 2004 Volumen 10, 2003 Volumen 9, 2002 Volumen 8, 2001 Volumen 7, 2000 Volumen 6, 1999 Volumen 5, 1998 Volumen 4, 1997 Volumen 3, 1996 Volumen 2, 1995 Volumen 1, 1994

Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/JEnhHeatTransf.2019028238
pages 415-428


Santosh Kumar Nayak
School of Mechanical Engineering, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar-751024, India
Purna Chandra Mishra
School of Mechanical Engineering, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar-751024, India


Nanofluids have promising characteristics of accomplishing high rate of heat removal from hot surfaces. An ultrafast cooling facility was developed at the School of Mechanical Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, to investigate the effects of nanofluids impinging onto a heated steel surface of dimension 120 mm × 120 mm and having 4 mm thickness. K-type thermocouples were used for transient temperature measurement. Heat transfer experiments were conducted by using waterbased TiO2 nanofluids with four different particle concentrations (0.01 wt %, 0.03 wt %, 0.05 wt%, and 0.07 wt %) separately and compared with the performance of pure water. The addition of nanosized particles to the base fluid (water) could enhance the cooling process. The influence of nozzle tip to plate distance, mass concentrations, and fluid pressure upon the heat transfer rate was investigated. Detailed heat transfer characteristics in terms of time-dependent temperature distribution and surface cooling rate of the impingement flows with various combinations of mass concentration of nanoparticle were measured using a transient technique. The ultrafast cooling method based on nanofluids spray was found to be an efficient alternative cooling technique over the conventional water impingement cooling to achieve the optimal and high cooling rate. The overall improvement in cooling rate found to be 19.34%, 11.3%, and 7.14% using TiO2, Al2O3, and CuO nanofluids over the conventional liquid (water).


  1. Abernethy, R.B., Benedict, R.P., and Dowdell, R.B., ASME Measurement Uncertainty, J. Fluids Eng., vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 161-164,1985.

  2. Chakraborty, S., Chakraborty, A., Das, S., Mukherjee, T., Bhattacharjee, D., and Ray, R.K., Application of Water based TiO2 Nanofluid for Cooling of Hot Steel Plate, ISIJInt., vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 124-127,2010.

  3. Chang, T., Siou-Ci, S., and Yen-Kai, Y., Effects of Particle Volume Fraction on Spray Heat Transfer Per-formance of Al2O3-Water Nanofluid, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 1014-1021,2012.

  4. Chang, T. and Yen-Kai, Y., Heat Transfer Performance of Jet Impingement Flow Boiling Using Al2O3-WaterNanofluid, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 1559-1566,2014.

  5. Chow, L.C., Sehmbey, M.S., and Pais, M.R., High Heat Flux Spray Cooling, Annu. Rev. Heat Transf., vol. 8, no. 8,1997.

  6. Chun, S.Y., Bang, I.C., Choo, Y.J., and Song, C.H., Heat Transfer Characteristics of Si and SiC Nanofluids during a Rapid Quenching and Nanoparticles Deposition Effects, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1217-1223,2011.

  7. Hwang, Y.J., Ahn, Y.C., Shin, H.S., Lee, C.G., Kim, G.T., Park, H.S., and Lee, J.K., Investigation on Characteristics of Thermal Conductivity Enhancement of Nanofluids, Curr. Appl. Phys., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1068-1071,2006.

  8. Kamalvand, M. and Mohsen, K., A Linear Regularity between Thermal Conductivity Enhancement and Fluid Adsorption in Nanofluids, Int. J. Therm. Sci., vol. 65, pp. 189-195,2013.

  9. Karwa, N., Sunil, R.K., and Subbarao, P.M.V., Experimental Study of Non-Boiling Heat Transfer from a Horizontal Surface by Water Sprays, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 571-579,2007.

  10. Kim, J., Spray Cooling Heat Transfer: The State of the Art, Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 753-767, 2007.

  11. Kim, S., Hyung Dae, K., Hyungmo, K., Ho, S., Hangjin, J., Joonwon K., and Moo, H.K., Effects of Nanofluid and Surfaces with Nano Structure on the Increase of CHF, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 487-495,2010.

  12. Lee, D.H. and Nur, I., Investigation on Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in Spray Cooling Systems Using Nanofluids, Int. Scholarly Sci. Res. Innovation, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1409-1413,2015.

  13. Li, Q., Xuan, Y., and Yu, F., Experimental Investigation of Submerged Single Jet Impingement Using Cu- Water Nanofluid, Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 36, pp. 426-433,2012.

  14. Lucas, A., Simon, P., Bourdon, G., Herman, J.C., Riche, P., Neutjens, J., and Harlet, P., Metallurgical Aspects of Ultra-Fast Cooling in Front of the Down-Coiler, Steel Res. Int., vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 139-146, 2004.

  15. Mishra, P.C., Sen, S., and Mukhopadhyay, A., Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Characteristics in Water Shower Cooling of Steel Plate, J. Enhanced Heat Transf., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1-20,2014.

  16. Mohapatra, S.S., Ravikumar, S.V., Andhare, S., Chakraborty, S., and Pal, S.K., Experimental Study and Optimization of Air Atomized Spray with Surfactant Added Water to Produce High Cooling Rate, J. Enhanced Heat Transf., vol. 19,no. 5, pp. 397-408,2012.

  17. Murshed, S.M.S., Leong, K.C., and Yang, C., Enhanced Thermal Conductivity of TiO2-Water based Nanofluids, Int. J. Therm. Sci, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 367-373,2005.

  18. Nayak, S.K., Mishra, P.C., and Parashar, S.K.S., Influence of Spray Characteristics on Heat Flux in Dual Phase Spray Impingement Cooling of Hot Surface, Alexandria Eng. J, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 1995-2004, 2016a.

  19. Nayak, S.K. and Mishra, P.C., Thermal Characteristics of Air-Water Spray Impingement Cooling of Hot Metallic Surface under Controlled Parametric Conditions, J. Therm. Sci, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 266-272, 2016.

  20. Nayak, S.K., Mishra, P.C., and Parashar, S.K.S., Enhancement of Heat Transfer by Water-Al2O3 and Water-TiO2 Nanofluids Jet Impingement in Cooling Hot Steel Surface, J. Exp. Nanosci, vol. 11, no. 16, pp. 1253-1273,2016b.

  21. Pal, S.K. and Bhattacharyya, S., Enhanced Heat Transfer of Cu-Water Nanofluid in a Channel with Wall Mounted Blunt Ribs, J. Enhanced Heat Transf, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 61-78,2018.

  22. Ravikumar, S.V., Haldar, K., Jha, J.M., Chakraborty, S., and Pal, S.K., Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Air-Atomized Spray Cooling with Water-Al2O3 Nanofluid, Int. J. Therm. Sci., vol. 96, pp. 85-93,2015.

  23. Sandhu, H., Gangacharyulu, D., and Singh, M.K., Experimental Investigations on the Cooling Performance of Microchannels Using Alumina Nanofluids with Different Base Fluids, J. Enhanced Heat Transf., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 283-291,2018.

  24. Visaria, M. and Mudawar, I., Theoretical and Experimental Study of the Effects of Spray Inclination on Two-Phase Spray Cooling and Critical Heat Flux, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 2398.

  25. Xuan, Y. and Li, Q., Heat Transfer Enhancement of Nanofluids, Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 58-64, 2000.