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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
SJR: 0.137 SNIP: 0.341 CiteScore™: 0.43

ISSN Imprimir: 1093-3611
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v15.i1.90
pages 75-85

EQUILIBRIUM AND NON-EQUILIBRIUM PHENOMENA IN ARCS AND TORCHES

Joost J. A. M. van der Mullen
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

SINOPSIS

A general treatment of non-equilibrium plasma aspects is obtained by relating transport fluxes to equilibrium restoring processes in so-called disturbed Bilateral Relations. The non-equilibrium stage of small microwave induced plasma serves as a case study.

REFERENCIAS

  1. Van der Mullen, J. A. M., Excitation equilibria in plasma, a classification.

  2. Van der Mullen, J. A. M., Benoy, D. A., Fey, F. H. A. G., Van der Sijde, B., and Vlcek, J., Saha equation for two-temperature plasmas: Theories, experimental evidence, and interpretation.

  3. Jonkers, J., Selen, L. J. M., Timmermans, E. A. H., Van der Mullen, J. A. M., and Schram, D. C., Steep plasma gradients studied with spatially resolved Thomson scattering measurements.

  4. Griem, H. R., Validity of local thermal equilibrium in plasma spectroscopy.

  5. Van der Mullen, J. A. M. and Jonkers, J., Fundamental comparison between non-equilibrium aspects of ICP and MIP discharges.

  6. Lieberman, M. A. and Lichtenberg, A. J., Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials Processing.

  7. Jonkers, J. and Van der Mullen, J. A. M., The excitation temperature in (helium) plasmas.

  8. Raizer, Y. P., Gas Discharge Physics.


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