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Atomization and Sprays
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ISSN Imprimir: 1044-5110
ISSN En Línea: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v13.i4.20
pages 357-372

BREAKUP OF LIQUID DROPLETS IN ACCELERATED GAS FLOWS

F. Schmelz
Chair of Mechanical Process Engineering, University of Dortmund,Dortmund, Germany
Peter Walzel
Department of Biochemical and Chemical Engineering, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, Emil-Figge-Strasse 68, Dortmund, 44227, Germany

SINOPSIS

In internal-mixing twin-fluid atomizers the liquid is entrained by an air flow of comparatively low velocity. When passing the orifice of the atomizer the gas and the liquid are accelerated simultaneously and the liquid is atomized when the Weber number We increases up to a certain limit. Experiments with single drops show that both the geometry of the nozzle and the viscosity of the liquid influence the onset of the liquid breakup and the Sauter mean diameter D32 of the secondary spray. This influence on both the onset of liquid breakup and the characteristic D32 of the spray has been recognized even for low Ohnesorge numbers On < 0.01. An optimum Ohnesorge number has been found for which the bag breakup occurs for lowest Weber numbers and the Sauter mean diameter of the secondary droplets becomes minimum. Within the range examined, the Sauter mean diameter reaches a minimum for We < 40 and only insignificantly increases at Weber numbers up to We Ј 250.


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