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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Factor de Impacto: 1.423 Factor de Impacto de 5 años: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v18.i5.60
pages 425-431

Black Hoof Medicinal Mushroom Phellinus linteus (Agaricomycetes) Extracts Protect Against Radiation-Induced Hematopoietic Abnormality in Mice

Shu-Ming Huang
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.; Department of Nutrition, Nantou Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Nantou City, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Jen-Yin Chen
Department of Anesthesiology, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Chin-Chu Chen
Bioengineering Center, Grape King Bio Ltd, Taoyuan City, Taiwan; Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Nutraceutical Biotechnology, Shih Chien University, Taipei City, Taiwan; Institute of Biotechnology, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua County, Taiwan
Chih-Chung Su
Department of Oncology, Jan-Ai Hospital-DaLi, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Miao-Lin Hu
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.; Agricultural Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.

SINOPSIS

We investigated the effects of Phellinus linteus extracts (PLEs) against radiation damage in mice. First, BALB/c mice were irradiated once with γ-rays at 4, 5, 6, or 8 Gy and allowed to recover for 20 days. Results reveal that 8-Gy radiation caused death in 100% of mice on day 13, and 6-Gy radiation caused death in 86.7% of mice (13/15) at the end of the experiment, whereas 4- and 5-Gy radiation did not result in any death. We then used 5-Gy γ-ray radiation to examine the protective effects of PLEs. Mice were orally administered a PLE (500, 1000, and 1500 mg/kg) daily for 2 weeks before radiation and for 6 weeks after radiation. γ-Ray radiation significantly decreased body weight starting from week 2 after radiation. Supplementation with a median and high dose of PLE significantly restored body weights starting at weeks 5 and 3, respectively. The radiation-protective agent WR2721 (200 mg/kg intraperitoneally) restored body weights starting at week 4. White blood cells, platelets, red blood cells, and hemoglobin were significantly decreased by radiation, and PLEs (primarily at high doses) and WR2721 significantly prevented hematologic abnormality. These results suggest that PLE has potential as a radioprotective agent.


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