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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Factor de Impacto: 1.423 Factor de Impacto de 5 años: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2017024264
pages 777-495

Apoptotic Effect of Taiwanofungus salmoneus (Agaricomycetes) Mycelia and Solid-State Fermented Products on Cancer Cells

Rao-Chi Chien
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.; National Chung Hsing University/University of California Davis Plant and Food Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.; Agricultural Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University/University of California Davis Plant and Food Biotechnology Center, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Yu-Chieh Lin
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C
Jeng-Leun Mau
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145 Hsing-Da Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan

SINOPSIS

Because of the high incidence of and high mortality rates associated with cancer, effective therapy for cancer is currently an imperative issue. Taiwanofungus salmoneus, a medicinal mushroom indigenous to Taiwan, has been demonstrated to exhibit various physiological activities and harmless effects. The bioactive compounds and anticancer abilities of T. salmoneus mycelia and fermented products were evaluated in this study. Total phenols, flavonoids, and ergothioneine were detected in mycelia and fermented products, and the amount of ergothioneine was evaluated in buckwheat (56.25-118.64 μg/g extract) and oats (53.60-138.70 μg/g extract) after fermentation. Results showed that T. salmoneus-fermented buckwheat and oats exhibited better apoptotic effects on Sk-Hep-1 and Caco-2 cells than sorafenib and celecoxib via receptor-linked apoptosis and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. In addition, T. salmoneus-fermented buckwheat may have potential for replacing anticancer drugs or for consumption as a dietary supplement to retard cancer development.