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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v18.i12.70
pages 1121-1130

Taxonomical Establishment and Compositional Studies of a New Cordyceps (Ascomycetes) Species from the Northwest Himalayas (India)

Sapan Kumar Sharma
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab-147002 (India); Department of Plant Pathology, CSK, Himachal Pradesh Agriculture University, Palampur India
Nandini Gautam
Centre for Environment Science and Technology, School of Environmental and Earth Sciences, Central University of Punjab (Bathinda), India
Narender Singh Atri
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab-147002 (India)
Subhash Dhancholia
Centre for Mushroom Research and Training, Department of Plant Pathology, CSK, Himachal Pradesh Agriculture University, Palampur, India

SINOPSIS

During a frequent survey in the northwest Indian Himalayan region, a new species−Cordyceps macleodganensis−was encountered. This species is described on the basis of its macromorphological features, microscopic details, and internal transcribed spacer sequencing. This species showed only 90% resemblance to Cordyceps gracilis. The chemical composition of the mycelium showed protein (14.95 ± 0.2%) and carbohydrates (59.21 ± 3.8%) as the major nutrients. This species showed appreciable amounts of P-carotene, lycopene, phenolic compounds, polysaccharides, and flavonoids. Mycelial culture of this species showed higher effectiveness for ferric-reducing antioxidant power, DPPH radical scavenging activity, ferrous ion-chelating activity, and scavenging ability on superoxide anion-derived radicals, calculated by half-maximal effective concentrations.