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International Journal on Algae
SJR: 0.219 SNIP: 0.261 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9429
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4328

International Journal on Algae

DOI: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v2.i1.50
pages 41-50

Cyanoprocaryotes/Cyanobacteria of Jamal Cave, Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve, Mount Carmel, Israel

O. N. Vinogradova
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenhovskaya Str., Kiev 01004, Ukraine
O. V. Kovalenko
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2, Tereshchenkovskaya St., 01001 Kiev, Ukraine
Eviatar D. Nevo
Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, 199 Abba Khousi Ave., Mt. Carmel, Haifa 3498838, Israel
M. Weinstein-Evron
The Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, 31905 Haifa, Israel


Research on cyanobacteria of prehistoric caves of Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve was continued in Jamal Cave. Cyanoprocaryotes dominated in nine of 12 studied sites; two sites were occupied mostly by chlorococcal algae; diatoms appeared as single cells. In total, 29 species of 19 genera were revealed by direct microscopic observation and in cultures. Gloeocapsa Kütz. (4 species) and Gloeothece Nag. (3) were the richest in species. The majority of cyanoprocaryotes found in the cave are aerophytic, atmophytic, and terrestrial forms. The most common species were Gloeothece confluens and Chroococcidiopsis kashaii. Pseudophormidium edaphicum, Anabaena sp. ster., Cylindrospermum licheniforme, Scytonema julianum, S. javanicum, Tolypothrix tenuis f. terrestris, Nostoc linckia, and N. punctiforme grew luxuriantly in the cultures. Among species found in Jamal Cave, 17 were known previously from other caves, rocks, and soils of Mount Carmel National Park. Synechocystis pevalekii, Chroococcopsis fluviatilis, Porphyrosiphon luteus, Scytonema javanicum, Tolypothrix tenuis f. terrestris, and Calothrix pulvinata are the first records for Israel.

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