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International Journal on Algae
SJR: 0.219 SNIP: 0.261 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9429
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4328

International Journal on Algae

DOI: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v19.i3.50
pages 249-258

Microphytobenthos of the Gulf of Tartus (Mediterranean Sea, Syria)

V. P. Gerasimiuk
Physical-Chemical Institute for Environment and Human Protection of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and NAS of Ukraine, 3 Preobrazhenskaya Str., Odessa 65082, Ukraine; Department of Botany, Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University, 2 Dvorianskaya Str., Odessa 65026, Ukraine


In the microphytobenthos of the Gulf of Tartus (Syrian coast of the Mediterranean Sea) 63 species of microscopic algae were revealed. They belong to 35 genera, 24 families, 17 orders, 5 classes, and 2 divisions. Bacillariophyta (59 species) lead in species number; cyanobacteria were represented by 4 species. In their ecological features, most algae are alkaliphilic and mesosaprobic. In terms of biogeography, algae of the Gulf of Tartus represent cosmopolitan and boreal groups with arctic-boreal and tropical elements. Dominating species of Bacillariophyta in the microphytobenthos of the Gulf of Tartus were Melosira moniliformis (O. Müll.) C. Agardh, Odontella aurita (Lyngb.) C. Agardh, Tabularia tabulata (Agardh) Snoeijs, Licmophora abbreviata C. Agardh, and Achnanthes brevipes C. Agardh.