%0 Journal Article
%A Stoyanov, Miroslav
%A Webster, Clayton G.
%D 2015
%I Begell House
%K representation of uncertainty, stochastic model reduction method, stochastic sensitivity analysis, high-dimensional approximation, stochastic partial differential equations, Karhunen-Loeve expansion, Monte Carlo
%N 1
%P 49-72
%R 10.1615/Int.J.UncertaintyQuantification.2014010945
%T A GRADIENT-BASED SAMPLING APPROACH FOR DIMENSION REDUCTION OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS WITH STOCHASTIC COEFFICIENTS
%U http://dl.begellhouse.com/journals/52034eb04b657aea,5303738564693bb8,06f4ea93770add7d.html
%V 5
%X We develop a projection-based dimension reduction approach for partial differential equations with high-dimensional stochastic coefficients. This technique uses samples of the gradient of the quantity of interest (QoI) to partition the uncertainty domain into "active" and "passive" subspaces. The passive subspace is characterized by near-constant behavior of the quantity of interest, while the active subspace contains the most important dynamics of the stochastic system. We also present a procedure to project the model onto the low-dimensional active subspace that enables the resulting approximation to be solved using conventional techniques. Unlike the classical Karhunen-Loeve expansion, the advantage of this approach is that it is applicable to fully nonlinear problems and does not require any assumptions on the correlation between the random inputs. This work also provides a rigorous convergence analysis of the quantity of interest and demonstrates: at least linear convergence with respect to the number of samples. It also shows that the convergence rate is independent of the number of input random variables. Thus, applied to a reducible problem, our approach can approximate the statistics of the QoI to within desired error tolerance at a cost that is orders of magnitude lower than standard Monte Carlo. Finally, several numerical examples demonstrate the feasibility of our approach and are used to illustrate the theoretical results. In particular, we validate our convergence estimates through the application of this approach to a reactor criticality problem with a large number of random cross-section parameters.
%8 2015-03-24