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Two-phase heat transfer inside minichannels: experimental measurements of the condensation heat transfer coefficient

Alberto Cavallini
Dipartimento di Fisica Tecnica, Universita di Padova, via Venezia 1,I-35131 Padova, Italy

Giuseppe Censi
Dipartimento di Fisica Tecnica, Universita di Padova, via Venezia 1,I-35131 Padova, Italy

Davide Del Col
University of Padova, Department of Industrial Engineering, Via Venezia 1, 35131 Padova, Italy

Luca Doretti
Dept. of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Padova, Via Venezia 1, 35131, Padova - IT

Marko Matkovic
Dipartimento di Fisica Tecnica, Universita di Padova, via Venezia 1,I-35131 Padova, Italy

Luisa Rossetto
University of Padova, Department of Industrial Engineering, via Venezia 1, 35131 Padova, Italy

Claudio Zilio
Dept. of Management and Engineering, University of Padova, Str.lla S. Nicola, 1, VICENZA, 36100-Italy

Sinopsis

This paper presents a new measuring technique for the heat transfer coefficient during condensation inside a 1.4 mm hydraulic diameter multiport minichannel tube. It also reports experimental data taken during condensation of R134a. The tube wall temperature is directly measured, so as to obtain the saturation to wall temperature difference and thus the internal heat transfer coefficient in a direct form.
The test section presented here is made of three counter-flow heat exchangers. It is realized with one 1.8 m long multiport tube and three separated jackets. The refrigerant condenses in the minichannels against the cooling water flowing in the jackets. The actual measuring sector is the third heat exchanger, considering the refrigerant flow direction. The other two heat exchangers are only used to achieve the desired value of vapor quality.
The test section has been designed with the purpose of achieving both high water-side heat transfer coefficients and good mixing of the cooling water during tests. The final design is the result of the Finite Volume Method modeling and prototype testing. The tests showed that the measured heat transfer coefficient does not depend on the water side coefficient.

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