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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.149 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-766X
ISSN En ligne: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2019027093
pages 349-357

NEW GREEN AND THERMALLY STABLE SOLID PROPELLANT FORMULATIONS BASED ON TNEF

Mohamed Abd-Elghany
Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, Butenandtstrasse 5-13, D 81377 Munich, Germany
Thomas M. Klapotke
Energetic Materials Research, Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich, Munich, 81377, Germany
Ahmed Elbeih
Military Technical College, Kobry Elkobbah, Cairo, Egypt

RÉSUMÉ

The preparation of new homogeneous and heterogeneous solid propellant formulations based on the new interesting high-energy dense oxidizer 2,2,2-trinitroethyl-formate (TNEF) and different kinds of binders (nitrocellulose, hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene, and glycidyl azide polymer) are reported. The prepared TNEF was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance. The thermal investigation using non-isothermal differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis showed high thermal stability. TNEF has a decomposition temperature of ~ 210°C. The high density of TNEF (1.81 g/cm3 at 298 K) gives the propellant high loading density in the rocket motor. The Kissinger model-free method was used to determine the kinetic parameters of the studied samples. It was concluded that the new propellant formulations are a safe manufacturing process and have green (chlorine-free) gaseous products and higher activation energy than the common traditional formulations.


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