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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.149 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-766X
ISSN En ligne: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2013005606
pages 275-292

ON GAS RELEASE BY THERMALLY-INITIATED FULLY-DENSE 2Al·3CuO NANOCOMPOSITE POWDER

Rayon A. Williams
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey, 07102, USA
Mirko Schoenitz
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey 07102, USA
Alexandre Ermoline
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey, 07102, USA
Edward L. Dreizin
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey 07102, USA; Tomsk State University, Tomsk, 634050, Russia

RÉSUMÉ

A recently developed model for low-temperature exothermic reactions in nanocomposite Al-CuO thermites described the evolution of an alumina layer growing between Al and CuO and changes in its diffusion resistance as critically affecting ignition of the composite reactive material. The model was successful in describing ignition of individual composite particles in a CO2 laser beam. However, it was unable to conclusively predict ignition of the same powder particles coated onto an electrically heated filament. In this work, ignition of fully-dense 2Al·3CuO nanocomposite powder prepared by arrested reactive milling was studied using a modified electrically heated filament experiment, located in a miniature vacuum chamber. Thin layers of the powders coated on a nickel-chromium filament were ignited at heating rates between 200 and 16,000 K/s. The ignition was accompanied by both optical emission and pressure signals. The pressure signals occurred before emission, with increasing delay at higher heating rates. Ignition temperatures were only slightly affected by the heating rate. The results are interpreted proposing that the low-temperature redox reaction produces a metastable CuOl−x phase with 0 < x ≤ 1 which releases oxygen upon heating. It is shown that despite a relatively small heat release, the low-temperature reactions in nanocomposite thermites are important as producing destabilized, partially reduced oxides that decompose with gas release upon heating. In the present experiments, the gas release changed thermal properties of the powder coating, reducing the efficiency of heat exchange with the supporting filament and thus enabling its thermal runaway and ignition.


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