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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-766X
ISSN En ligne: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2012005172
pages 245-257

CHARACTERIZATION AND DECOMPOSITION OF AMMONIUM DINITRAMIDE AS LIQUID PROPELLANT

Rachid Amrousse
Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-Ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210, Japan
S. Royer
Institut de Chimie des Milieux et des Materiaux (IC2MP), University of Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers, France
S. Laassiri
Institut de Chimie des Milieux et des Materiaux (IC2MP), University of Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers, France; Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (DMMME), University Laval, Quebec, Canada

RÉSUMÉ

Binary ammonium dinitramide (ADN) and ternary AND−fuel aqueous mixtures have been prepared. Two series of ternary mixtures have been synthesized with methanol and ethanol as fuels with stoichiometric fuel contents. Thermal and catalytic decomposition process of the prepared solutions has been analyzed. For binary ADN aqueous solutions, the thermal decomposition starts only once water has been fully vaporized and the oxidizer is in a liquid state. The influence of the fuel depends strongly on the oxidizer. Methanol and ethanol are vaporized before the decomposition, leading to results close to those observed for binary mixtures. ADN-based solutions display the highest catalytic effect with a temperature decrease of about 100° C.


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