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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-766X
ISSN En ligne: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2013007638
pages 463-474

EVALUATION OF NANO-Fe3O4 IN COMPOSITE PROPELLANT FORMULATIONS

D. R. Kshirsagar
High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Pune-411021, India
Sudhir
High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Pune-411021, India
Mehilal
High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL), Sutarwadi, Pune − 411021, India
P. P. Singh
High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Pune-411021, India
B. Bhattacharya
High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Pune-411021, India

RÉSUMÉ

Nano-Fe3O4 particles have been prepared by a chemical reduction method using ferric chloride hexahydrate as a starting compound and hydrazine hydrate as a reducing agent in the presence of polyethylene glycol matrix (PEG-200). The prepared nano-Fe3O4 was characterized by NANOPHOX particle size analyzer, powder X-ray diffractometer (XRD), atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The particle size of nano-Fe3O4 was in the range of 38−69 nm. The powder XRD pattern reveals that the crystallite size of nano-Fe3O4 is around 15−17 nm and the purity is better than 99.5%. HR-TEM supports the particle size measurements and shows that the particles are almost spherical in shape. The effect of nano-Fe3O4 on ammonium perchlorate was also studied and results indicate that it reduces its thermal decomposition temperature. Also, the prepared nano-Fe3O4 was evaluated in composite propellant formulations at different ratios and findings reveal that acceleration in burning rate was approximately 15% greater in comparison to the nano-Fe2O3-based composition.


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