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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.142 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-766X
ISSN En ligne: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.v5.i1-6.90
pages 62-70

CONVERSION OF DEMILITARIZED TNT TO HIGHER VALUE PRODUCTS

S. A. Shevelev
N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117913, Leninsky prospekt 47, Moscow, Russia
V. A. Tartakovsky
N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117913, Leninsky prospekt 47, Moscow, Russia
A. L. Rusanov
A.N. Nesmeyanov bstitute of Organo-Element Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117813, 28 Vavilov Str., Moscow, Russia

RÉSUMÉ

The goal of our research is to develop the scientific methodology needed for the chemical conversion of surplus TNT (2,4,6-trinitrotoluene) into higher value products. Although the military use of TNT is well documented, the production of civilian products from TNT is virtually unknown. We now describe some of our results using TNT as a multipurpose raw material for the chemical synthesis of a variety of materials.
Specifically, we have developed more ecologically acceptable conversions of TNT into 2,4,6-triaminotoluene (TAT), 2,4,6-trihydroxytoluene and 2,4,6-triisocyanatotoluene (TICT). In addition, we have studied both the regioselective reductions and regioselective nucleophilic displacements of nitro groups in TNT. We have also converted TNT into a variety of heterocyclic compounds. In summary, our investigations demonstrate that TNT is a versatile building block for the synthesis of new materials ranging from polymers to heterocyclic compounds displaying pharmacological and agrochemical activities.