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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
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ISSN Imprimer: 1040-8401
ISSN En ligne: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v19.i2.30
27 pages

Transcriptional Regulation in B Cell Differentiation

David Liberg
Mikael Sigvardsson
Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Immunology Group, Lund University, Sweden

RÉSUMÉ

B cell development is a multistage differentiation process that ultimately generates antibody-secreting plasma cells. This model developmental pathway is governed by a choreographed pattern of expression from genes encoding stage and lineage-specific proteins. This is achieved by the interaction of distinct transcription factors with regulatory elements, placing these proteins in a central position in B cell ontogeny. The importance of distinct transcription factors is also supported by the notion that B cell development is disrupted in mice bearing homozygous null alleles of certain factors involved in the control of B-cell-specific genes. In this review we compare and contrast the transcriptional regulation of well-studied B lymphoid restricted genes, on a gene by gene basis, focusing on the functional structure of transcription control regions and interacting transcription factors.


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