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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Facteur d'impact: 1.352 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Imprimer: 1040-8401
ISSN En ligne: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v26.i4.30
pages 317-352

Mycobacterium tuberculosis-Specific CD8+ T Cells and Their Role in Immunity

Joshua S. M. Woodworth
Division of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115
Samuel M. Behar
Division of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115

RÉSUMÉ

There are more cases of tuberculosis in the world today than at any other time in history. The global epidemic has generated intense interest into the immunological mechanisms that control infection. Although CD4+ T cells play a critical role in host immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, there is considerable interest in understanding the role of other T cell subsets in preventing disease development following infection. CD8+ T cells are required for optimum host defense following M. tuberculosis infection, which has led to investigation into how this protective effect is mediated. A critical review of recent literature regarding the role of CD8+ T cells in protective immunity to M. tuberculosis infection is now required to address the strengths and weaknesses of these studies. In this article, we evaluate the evidence that CD8+ T cells are critical in immunity to M. tuberculosis infection. We discuss the specific mycobacterial proteins that are recognized by CD8+ T cells elicited during infection. Finally, we examine the effector mechanisms of CD8+ T cells generated during infection and synthesize recent studies to consider the protective roles that these T cells serve in vivo.


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