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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Facteur d'impact: 2.9 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 3.72 SJR: 0.736 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN Imprimer: 0743-4863
ISSN En ligne: 2162-660X

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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.2018024751
pages 555-588

Polymeric Lipid Hybrid Nanoparticles: Properties and Therapeutic Applications

Cyril Jose
Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Vile Parle (West), Mumbai, India 400056
Kesrin Amra
Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Vile Parle (West), Mumbai, India 400056
Chintan Bhavsar
Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Vile Parle (West), Mumbai, India 400056
Munira Momin
Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Vile Parle (West), Mumbai, India 400056
Abdelwahab Omri
The Novel Drug and Vaccine Delivery Systems Facility, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada

RÉSUMÉ

Some of the criteria for selection of a viable nanocarrier formulation currently being explored are the development of a site-specific and bioavailable formulation. Although the literature reports a variety of techniques for fabrication of nanocarrier systems, their stability and scale-up issues are a concern for their prominence in the pharmaceutical industry. The other widely recognized drawbacks of nanoparticulates, i.e., polymeric nanoparticles and lipid vesicular nanoparticles (liposomes), are low circulatory half-lives due to reticuloendothelial system (RES) uptake and leaky architecture leading to burst kinetics. Polymeric lipid hybrid nanoparticles (PLHNs) or lipomers are the recent advancement in nanodrug delivery systems composed of a polymeric core and lipid shell which imparts physicochemical stability and biocompatibility to the nanoparticles. The lipomers are a blend of positive attributes of both liposomes and polymeric nanoparticles wherein their individual innate flaws are negated. An extensive study of PLHN was engineered using single/two or multiple methods carried out for encapsulation efficiency, physicochemical properties, and stability. The influence of shape and composition of PLHN has also shown promising results in terms of reticuloendothelial uptake. These PLHNs have shown to hold a promising place in designing drug delivery systems for the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases as well as for theranostic purposes. The present review article encompasses various types of PLHNs, their physicochemical characteristics, and their applications as future perspectives in strategizing drug delivery to their desired sites of action.


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