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Hydrobiological Journal
SJR: 0.217 SNIP: 0.575 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Imprimer: 0018-8166
ISSN En ligne: 1943-5991

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Hydrobiological Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v42.i6.50
pages 61-71

Saponin as a Factor of Mass Fish Mortality in the Rivers of Ukraine

I. V. Grib
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
N. I. Goncharenko
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev
D. I. Voytyshina
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine


It is stated based on laboratory simulation experiment that saponin, a hemolytic glycoside, may be an actual cause of fish kills in environmental water bodies. Irreversible toxic effect of saponin on fish occurs at its 2.0 mg/L concentration. It was demonstrated on the example of two tributaries of the Pripyat (Pripet) River that wastewaters of beet-processing sugar mills may be the source of saponin in natural waters.

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