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Heat Transfer Research
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ISSN Imprimer: 1064-2285
ISSN En ligne: 2162-6561

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Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2018016926
pages 1041-1057

ANALYSIS OF THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF VOID CAVITY IN A PCM CANISTER UNDER MICROGRAVITY

gui xiaohong
China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing)
Song Xiange
Beijing International Studies University, Beijing, 100024, China
Qin Zhiwen
Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China
Nie Baisheng
China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing, 100083, China

RÉSUMÉ

A physical model and a mathematical model of phase change during the process of heat transfer in a PCM (Phase Change Material) canister are suggested. Based on a theoretical analysis and calculation results of the PCM canister during the process of solidification, the model of improved void distribution in the PCM canister under microgravity is given. The phase change thermal storage process is numerically simulated with the use of the model of ignoring void cavity distribution, simple void cavity distribution, and improved void cavity distribution. The calculation results for three kinds of void distribution are compared and analyzed. The results show that the form of the void cavity distribution has a great effect on calculation results. The melting ratio of PCM has a great difference in the form of different void cavity distributions. The form of void distribution has a great effect on the process of phase change. Under the combined effects of local thermal resistance of void cavity and of the side wall of the PCM canister, it is the most difficult for them to melt during the period of sunlight.


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