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Journal of Porous Media
Facteur d'impact: 1.061 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.151 SJR: 0.504 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Imprimer: 1091-028X
ISSN En ligne: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v20.i3.10
pages 193-203

IMPROVEMENT OF WATER DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY IN SANDSTONE RESERVOIRS USING BUFFERED SODIUM SILICATE

H. A. Akhlaghi Amiri
Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

RÉSUMÉ

This work addresses the influence of buffered sodium silicate, (SiO2)3.35Na2O, on water-oil displacement efficiency in quartz media using static and flooding experiments. Interfacial tension (IFT) measurements reveal that sodium silicate-oil interfacial tension is a function of the solution pH. At a given pH, sodium silicate has considerably lower IFT compared to NaOH, which is a strong alkali. Modified quartz chunks with silicate solution show a lower water contact angle in oil compared to unmodified ones, which may be explained by quartz surface charge modification due to alkalinity of sodium silicate, as well as increased number of hydroxyl groups on the mineral surface due to silicate chemiadsorption. Spontaneous imbibition tests at micro and macroscale using glass micromodel and sandstone cores show that sodium silicate effectively enhances the water imbibition rate and final oil recovery factor. This is more evident in the case of asphaltenic oils, first because sodium silicate reduction of IFT is considerably higher in the presence of asphaltene (IFT < 1 dyne/cm). On the other hand, sodium silicate diminishes the rigid film of asphaltene, which resists waterflooding. Sodium silicate also affects the water-oil relative permeability curves by shifting their cross section to higher water saturations, indicating wettability alteration to more hydrophilic.


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