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Journal of Porous Media
Facteur d'impact: 1.49 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Imprimer: 1091-028X
ISSN En ligne: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v1.i1.60
pages 71-92

Review of Porous Media Enhanced Vapor-Phase Diffusion Mechanisms, Models, and Data—Does Enhanced Vapor-Phase Diffusion Exist?

Clifford K. Ho
Geohydrology Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87185-1324, USA
Stephen W. Webb
Geohydrology Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1324, USA

RÉSUMÉ

A review of mechanisms, models, and data relevant to the postulated phenomenon of enhanced vapor-phase diffusion in porous media is presented. Information is obtained from literature spanning two different disciplines (soil science and engineering) to gain a diverse perspective on this topic. Findings indicate that while enhanced vapor diffusion tends to correct the discrepancies observed between past theory and experiments, no direct evidence exists to support the postulated processes causing enhanced vapor diffusion. Numerical modeling analyses of experiments representative of the two disciplines are presented in this paper to assess the sensitivity of different systems to enhanced vapor diffusion. Pore-scale modeling is also performed to evaluate the relative significance of enhanced vapor diffusion mechanisms when compared to Fickian diffusion. The results demonstrate the need for additional experiments so that more discerning analyses can be performed.