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Journal of Porous Media
Facteur d'impact: 1.061 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.151 SJR: 0.504 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Imprimer: 1091-028X
ISSN En ligne: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v2.i1.40
pages 59-69

Forced Convection of a Power-Law Fluid in a Porous Channel—Integral Solutions

G. Chen
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, USA
Hamid Hadim
Stevens Institute of Technology, 1 Castle Point Terrace, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA

RÉSUMÉ

The integral method based on the boundary layer analysis is used to conduct a theoretical study of the primary hydrodynamic and heat transfer mechanisms for forced convection of a power-law fluid in a porous channel for both cases of uniform heat flux (UHF) and uniform wall temperature (UWT) boundary conditions. The flow in the porous medium is modeled using the modified Brinkman—Forchheimer-extended Darcy model for power-law fluids. The results indicate that for a high-permeability porous medium, the thickness of the momentum boundary layer depends on the Darcy number, inertia parameter, and power law index, but for a low-permeability porous medium it depends only on the Darcy number. Consequently in the non-Darcy regime, the effects of power law index on hydrodynamic and heat transfer behaviors in the porous channel are significant, whereas in the Darcy regime, the effects of Darcy number are predominant. Also the hydrodynamic behavior of shear thickening fluids (n > 1.0) is more sensitive to the Darcy number whereas the behavior of shear thinning fluids (n < 1.0) is more sensitive to the inertia parameter in the non-Darcy regime. Based on the fully developed Nusselt number solutions, the valid region for the applicability of the present integral method is illustrated graphically. The valid region of the integral solutions covers the Darcy regime for any value of the power law index within the range considered, while in the non-Darcy regime, the valid region for a shear thinning fluid becomes smaller than that for a shear thickening fluid as the inertia parameter decreases.


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