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Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer
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ISSN Imprimer: 1065-5131
ISSN En ligne: 1026-5511

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Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/JEnhHeatTransf.2012002361
pages 271-292

EFFECT OF INLET CONFIGURATION ON DISTRIBUTION OF AIR-WATER ANNULAR FLOW IN A HEADER OF A PARALLEL FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER

Nae-Hyun Kim
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Incheon National University, 12-1 Songdo-Dong, Yeonsu-Gu Inchon, 22012, Korea
H. W. Byun
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of lncheon, 12-1, Songdo-Dong, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, 406-772, Republic of Korea

RÉSUMÉ

The effect of inlet configuration (parallel, normal, vertical) on flow distribution in a parallel flow heat exchanger consisting of round headers and ten flat tubes is experimentally investigated using air and water. The effects of tube protrusion depth as well as mass flux and quality are investigated both for the downward and upward flow configurations. It is shown that the best flow distribution is obtained for the vertical inlet configuration, followed by normal and parallel inlet configurations. For downward flow, a significant amount of water flowed into the frontal channels. As the protrusion depth increases, more water is forced to the rear part of the header. The effect is most significant for the parallel inlet, followed by the normal and vertical inlet. The effect of mass flux or quality is qualitatively the same as that of the protrusion depth. For upward flow, a significant amount of water flows through the rear part of the header. The effect of the protrusion depth is the same as that of the downward flow. However, the effect of mass flux or quality is opposite the downward flow. A possible explanation is provided based on flow visualization results. Correlations were developed to predict the fraction of liquid or gas taken off by a downstream channel as a function of header gas or liquid Reynolds number immediately upstream.


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