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Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer
Facteur d'impact: 1.406 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.075 SJR: 0.287 SNIP: 0.653 CiteScore™: 1.2

ISSN Imprimer: 1065-5131
ISSN En ligne: 1026-5511

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Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/JEnhHeatTransf.2012005995
pages 457-476

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF HEAT TRANSFER, FRICTION FACTOR, AND OPTIMAL FIN GEOMETRIES FOR THE INTERNALLY MICROFIN TUBES IN THE TRANSITION AND TURBULENT REGIONS

Hou Kuan Tam
Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau, China.
Lap Mou Tam
Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau, China; Institute for the Development and Quality, Macau SAR, China
Afshin J. Ghajar
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
Sik Chung Tam
Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau, China
Tong Zhang
Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau, China

RÉSUMÉ

For internally microfin tubes, most of the heat transfer and friction factor studies were focused on the turbulent region. However, there is a lack of information about the heat transfer and friction factor behavior of microfin tubes in the entire flow regime that covers laminar, transition, and turbulent regions. Furthermore, the effects of fin geometries and inlet configurations on microfin tube heat transfer and friction factor were seldom discussed. Therefore, an experimental study for friction factor and heat transfer on three microfin tubes with different inlet configurations (squared-edge and re-entrant) was conducted and the measured data were compared with the data of a plain tube. From the friction factor and heat transfer results, the transition from laminar to turbulent was clearly established and shown to be inlet- and spiral-angle dependent. For all the microfin tubes with two inlet types, it was observed that the efficiency index was larger than 1 when the Reynolds number was larger than 5000. The current microfin tubes data were also compared with the existing heat transfer and friction factor correlations in the turbulent region. Finally, the genetic algorithms and the algorithms of changes were applied to the existing turbulent correlations to find the optimal fin geometry. The efficiency index computed by both numerical methods outperformed the index computed by the fin geometries used in the past studies. This proved that both algorithms were capable of finding the optimal fin geometry of the microfin tubes


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