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Plasma Medicine
SJR: 0.278 SNIP: 0.183 CiteScore™: 0.57

ISSN Imprimer: 1947-5764
ISSN En ligne: 1947-5772

Plasma Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/PlasmaMed.2017019479
pages 147-157

Mechanisms of Wound Healing and Disinfection in a Plasma Source for the Treatment of Corneal Infections

Paola Brun
Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare, Unità di Microbiologia, Università di Padova, Italy
A. Pellizzaro
University of Padua, Department of Molecular Medicine, Unit of Microbiology, Padua, Italy
Roberto Cavazzana
Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
L. Cordaro
Consorzio RFX, Padua, Italy
Matteo Zuin
Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
Emilio Martines
Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy

RÉSUMÉ

Cold atmospheric pressure plasmas provide the potential for effective treatment of infectious keratitis, a sight-threatening process with a worldwide occurrence of 2 million cases/yr. In microbial keratitis, bacteria, fungi, viruses, or small eukaryotes penetrate and proliferate in the cornea, causing inflammation and tissue ulceration. The requirement of clinical approaches to overcome antibiotic resistance and simultaneously foster tissue healing prompted us to develop a plasma source generated by ionizing helium flow for ophthalmologic applications. Using plasma, we reported significant reductions in load of bacteria, virus, and fungi that are frequently involved in infectious keratitis. Plasma exposure induced formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in human cells, accounting for the already described biological effects. Actually, nontoxic levels of reactive species elicit intracellular signals and modulate hypoxia-related gatekeeper transcriptional factors such as nuclear factor-κB and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. Together, these data make cold atmospheric pressure plasma generated by ionizing helium flow a valid approach for the treatment of infectious keratitis.