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Multiphase Science and Technology
SJR: 0.124 SNIP: 0.222 CiteScore™: 0.26

ISSN Imprimer: 0276-1459
ISSN En ligne: 1943-6181

Multiphase Science and Technology

DOI: 10.1615/MultScienTechn.v2.i1-4.20
pages 95-180

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE FLOODING LITERATURE

S. George Bankoff
Department of Chemical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60201
Sang Chun Lee
Department of Chemical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60201

RÉSUMÉ

This paper presents an extensive review of the process of flooding and its associated phenomena in countercurrent pipe flow. Analytical models developed previously for condensing two-phase flow as well as for adiabatic two-phase flow are reviewed and compared with experimental data. A classification of these models is suggested in terms of stability theory of a travelling wave, envelope theory, static equilibrium theory and slug formation theory. The ranges of validity of the models are examined and discussed for various flow conditions. The available evidence on the parametric dependence of the flooding curve is also discussed.


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