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Atomization and Sprays
Facteur d'impact: 1.262 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.518 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 1.6

ISSN Imprimer: 1044-5110
ISSN En ligne: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2013008071
pages 129-154

RESPONSE OF LIQUID JET TO MODULATED CROSSFLOW

Jinkwan Song
Combustion Research Laboratory, School of Aerospace Systems, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA
Chandrasekar Ramasubramanian
Combustion Research Laboratory, School of Aerospace Systems, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA
Jong Guen Lee
Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0070, USA

RÉSUMÉ

Experimental results on the response of spray formed by the liquid (Jet A) jet injection into a crossflow (air) is presented with a special emphasis on its response to the modulating crossflow. The pressure of the chamber is up to 3.5 atm, and the corresponding Weber number is up to 510. The spray of a liquid jet for steady and oscillating crossflow is characterized. The flow field at the injector location in the crossflow direction is determined using particle image velocimetry for the oscillating as well as steady crossflow case. Planar Mie scattering measurement is used to characterize the response of spray formed under oscillating crossflow, and supplementary phase-averaged phase Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA) measurements are used to understand the response behavior. The global response of spray to the oscillating crossflow is characterized using the planar Mie scattering imaging. It shows that few differences exist in the heights of the maximum-pixel intensity trajectory for the nonoscillating and oscillating crossflow conditions and the trajectory under oscillating crossflow is lower than that of steady crossflow, suggesting the oscillating crossflow affects the atomization (i.e. the oscillating crossflow enhances the atomization process, results in smaller droplets and penetrates less transversely). The response of spray to the oscillating crossflow characterized in terms of the spray transfer function (STF) shows that the gain of the STF increases linearly (at least monotonically) as the liquid−air momentum flux ratio increases but does not change as much with respect to the change of Weber number for a fixed liquid−air momentum flux ratio. This also indicates that the liquid jet atomization under oscillating crossflow is enhanced much more with the increase of liquid−air momentum flux ratio than with the increase of Weber number. The phase-averaged PDPA measurements confirm that the oscillating crossflow indeed enhances the atomization process in that the oscillating crossflow results in a relatively greater number of smaller droplets and mean droplet size.


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