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Atomization and Sprays
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ISSN Imprimer: 1044-5110
ISSN En ligne: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v20.i3.20
pages 191-209

A PARAMETRIC NUMERICAL STUDY OF THE HEAD-ON COLLISION BEHAVIOR OF DROPLETS

George Strotos
Technological Education Institute of Piraeus, Mechanical Engineering Department, Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, 250 Thivon & P. Ralli str., Aegaleo, 12244, Greece
Nikos Nikolopoulos
Centre Of Research Technology Hellas / Institute of Solid Fuels and Technology Applications
Konstantinos-Stephen P. Nikas
Technological Education Institute of Piraeus, Mechanical Engineering Department, Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Greece

RÉSUMÉ

Head-on collision of droplets consisting of different liquids for a wide range of Weber numbers between 25 and 430 is studied numerically using the volume of fluid (VOF) methodology and by adopting an axisymmetric approximation. An adaptive local grid refinement technique is used to capture with precision the liquid-air interface at significantly reduced computational cost relative to a uniformly dense grid. The conditions setting the boundary between permanent coalescence and reflexive separation are defined; in addition, useful relationships determining the ligament’s elongation, the corresponding time of its breakup, the number of satellite droplets formed, the maximum droplet deformation, and the viscous dissipation coefficient are presented. Furthermore, the present study reveals the dependence of collision characteristics not only on Weber number, but also either on Reynolds, capillary, or Ohnesorge numbers.

MOTS CLÉS: droplet, collision, VOF, ligament

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