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International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment
SJR: 0.195 SNIP: 0.435 CiteScore™: 0.74

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-3621
ISSN En ligne: 2150-363X

International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment

Précédemment connu sous le nom Clean Air: International Journal on Energy for a Clean Environment

DOI: 10.1615/InterJEnerCleanEnv.2018025492
pages 79-94

SIMULATION OF THE HYDRODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF A HORIZONTAL AXIS TIDAL TURBINE BLADE DESIGNED BY PROFILE MODELING BASED ON THE SHARK FIN

Kaisheng Zhang
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Rongkang Gao
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Haotian Liu
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Baocheng Zhang
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China

RÉSUMÉ

Blades are the core components of horizontal axis tidal turbines, and their efficiency has an important impact on the utilization of tidal current energy. In this paper, the excellent hydrodynamic performance of shark fins is applied to the blades design of a horizontal axis tidal turbine. Firstly, the three-dimensional digital models of shark fins are established through 3D scanning technology, and the blades of horizontal axis tidal turbine are obtained by profile modeling of the shark fin. Secondly, the software of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is applied to analyze the hydro-dynamic performance of the bionic blades. The parameters of power efficiency coefficient CP, axial force coefficient CF, and torque coefficient CT of bionic blades are investigated and compared with conventional blades. The simulation result shows that the hydrodynamic performance of the bionic blades is better than that of conventional blades under the condition of the minor speed ratio at the blade tip. An innovative idea for the research on the tidal current turbine blades is provided.

RÉFÉRENCES

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  2. Chen, H., Tang, T., Nadia, A.-A., El-Nachemi Benbouzid, M., Machmoum, M., and El-Hadi Zaim, M., (2018) Attraction, Challenge and Current Status of Marine Current Energy, IEEE Access, 6, pp. 12665–12685. DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2795708

  3. Chen, K., Liu, Q.-P., Liao, G.-H., and Han, Z.-W., (2012) , Aerodynamic Noise Reduction of Small Axial Fan Using Hush Characteristics of Eagle Owl Feather, J. Jilin Univ., Eng. Technol. Edition, 42(1), pp. 79–84.

  4. Kim, S.-J., Singh, P.M., Hyun, B.-S., and Choi, Y.-D., (2017) , A Study on the Floating Bridge Type Horizontal Axis Tidal Current Turbine for Energy Independent Islands in Korea, Renew. Energy, 112(C), pp. 35–43.

  5. Lauder, G.V. and Drucker, E.G., (2004) , Morphology and Experimental Hydrodynamics of Fish Fin Control Surfaces, IEEE J. Oceanic Eng., 29(3), pp. 556–571.

  6. Liu, H.-W., Zhou, H.-B., Lin, Y.-G., Li, W., and Gu, H.-G., (2016) , Design and Test of 1/5th Scale Horizontal Axis Tidal Current Turbine, China Ocean Eng., 30(3), pp. 407–420.

  7. Liu, J., Lin, H., Purim itla, S.R., and Dass, E.T.M., (2017) , The Effects of Blade Twist and Nacelle Shape on the Performance of Horizontal Axis Tidal Current Turbines, Appl. Ocean Res., 64, pp. 58–69.

  8. Noruzi, R., Vahidzadeh, M., and Riazi, A., (2015) , Design, Analysis and Predicting Hydrokinetic Performance of a Horizontal Marine Current Axial Turbine by Consideration of Turbine Installation Depth, Ocean Eng., 108, pp. 789–798.

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  11. Tian, W.J., Yang, Z., Zhang, Q., Wang, J., Li, M., Ma, Y., and Cong, Q., (2017) , Bionic Design of Wind Turbine Blade Based on Long-Eared Owl's Airfoil, Appl. Bionics Biomech., 2017(2), 8504638.

  12. Wang, S., Chen, C., Tan, J., Yuan, P., and Zhou, X., (2014) , Hydrodynamic Performance of Horizontal Axis Tidal Current Turbine Based on Blade Element Momentum Theory, Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, 35(4), pp. 599–604.

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  14. Zhang, K., Zou, Q., Wang, Y., and Zhang, B., (2017) , Bionic Shark Fin Combined Airfoil Blade Optimal Design and Numerical Simulation of Horizontal Axis Tidal Current Turbine, Int. J. Energy Clean Environ., 18(4), pp. 365–385.

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