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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
Facteur d'impact: 1.734 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.848 SJR: 0.627 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN Imprimer: 1045-4403
ISSN En ligne: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukarGeneExpr.v22.i4.30
pages 289-297

The Biology of Mycobacterium Cord Factor and Roles in Pathogen-Host Interaction

Chunmei Li
School of Life Sciences
Qinglin Du
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Environment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, China
Wanyan Deng
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Enviroment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, China
Jianping Xie
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Environment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, Key Laboratory of Ecoenvironments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing 400715, China

RÉSUMÉ

Mycobacterium cord factor was long held as a virulence factor contributing to the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Abundant studies have shed light on its unique chemical structures, metabolism, and receptors on macrophages. The mechanisms underlying cord factor virulence remain elusive. This progress is summarized in this paper, especially the receptors of cord factor, such as Toll-like receptors and Mincle. This might facilitate better use of cord factor as an adjuvant for tuberculosis therapy or selection of drug targets involved in its biosynthesis to combat tuberculosis.


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